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Thursday, June 29 • 9:30am - 11:00am
Crosswalk Enforcement and ADA Compliance

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Two presentations will take place during this session.

A Case Study of the Effect of Crosswalk Enforcement Operations on Driver Yielding Behavior at Unsignalized Mid-Block Crosswalks in Raleigh, North Carolina (Sarah Searcy): Pedestrian fatalities are an increasing concern on North Carolina roadways. Resulting from the documented increase in pedestrian fatalities since 2009, the 2013 Governor's Highway Safety Program (GHSP) Highway Safety Plan identified reducing annual pedestrian fatalities to 138 as a GHSP goal. The North Carolina Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Data Tool maintained by the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT)'s Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation shows that there were 188 pedestrian fatalities and nearly 3,000 crashes statewide in 2012, and pedestrians consistently account for about 10% of all fatal crashes each year. The WatchForMe NC Campaign was launched in the Triangle in 2012 to draw awareness to the issue with a goal to reduce the number of crashes by changing drivers' behaviors toward pedestrians. The enforcement component of this campaign consisted of targeted operations by police to increase driver yielding at crosswalks. Building upon the evaluation and techniques utilized for targeted enforcement operations conducted during the WatchForMe NC Campaign, the Institute for Transportation Research and Education (ITRE) investigated the question, "How much enforcement is needed to change driver yielding behavior to pedestrians in a crosswalk?" This information can assist with building a program that uses enforcement resources effectively and make the roadway safer for a vulnerable user group. Four different scenarios were employed to test the intensity and duration of differing intervention plans, where an intervention is defined as a two-hour enforcement period, and analyzed to understand where diminishing returns may coincide with investment in the time spent on enforcement. ITRE partnered with the Raleigh Police Department and North Carolina State University Campus Police to conduct more than 60 enforcement interventions for a total of 122 enforcement hours during the study period. ITRE coordinated the duration and intensity of the enforcement interventions to test the following four scenarios with the addition of a control location: 1. High intensity, short duration [(2) five-day interventions, and then no enforcement event] 2. High intensity, long duration [(2) five-day interventions, and then (2) per month for six months] 3. Medium intensity, long duration [(1) five-day intervention, and then (2) per month for six months] 4. Low intensity, long duration [(2) per month for six months] 5. Control site

Bicycling, Walking, and ADA - Partnering for a Truly Universal Transportation (Dawne Garnder): This presentation will look at planning a walkable/bikeable transportation network for all users, regardless of mobility. The ADA requires program access to all public facilities, including public rights of way. Public entities as well as private business owners that provide a place of public accommodation are required to meet minimum accessibility guidelines as set forth by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1991. This session will discuss how to integrate accessibility into the transportation network not only at a minimum required by law, but going above and beyond to truly make an integrated system for users of all types of mobility. Partnerships with local disability advocates are critical to the success of moving forward toward an all inclusive transportation network. A discussion will take place regarding avenues of partnerships as well as examples as what has worked well for the City of Springfield. A good partnership with disability advocates, providing a plan for ADA compliance and open communication can help local jurisdictions avoid a visit from the Department of Justice.

Speakers
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Dawne Gardner

Transportation Planner/ADA Coordinator, City of Springfield - PW Traffic Operations
Dawne Gardner, AICP is the Transportation Planner/ADA Coordinator for the Department of Public Works at the City of Springfield, MO. Prior to working for the City, she worked for MoDOT as a Transportation Planner and ADA Coordinator. Dawne obtained her ADA Coordinator Training Ce... Read More →
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Sarah Searcy

Research Associate, Institute for Transportation Research and Education (ITRE)
Sarah Searcy is a Research Associate with the Institute for Transportation Research and Education (ITRE) at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina.


Thursday June 29, 2017 9:30am - 11:00am
Continental Ballroom (Peabody Hotel) 149 Union Ave, Memphis, TN 38103

Attendees (10)